Studying in the UK

Second conditional (复习第二条件句子)

学过【零條件句】和【第一条件句】以后,这一期我们一起来复习【第二条件句】,一个用来谈论“不真实的”或者‘不可能’的事情。

何谓不真实(unreal)或不可能的事情(impossible things)呢?

一起来看看例句:

  •     If I won a lot of money I’d buy a big house in the country.
    如果我赢了很多钱那我就能在这个国家买一套大房子。
  •     Where would you live if you could live anywhere in the world?
    如果你有能力在世界各地随意定居,那你会住在哪里呢?
  •     If you didn’t smoke so much you’d feel a lot better.
    如果你少抽些香烟,你或许会感觉比较好。

 

第二条件的架句型结构经常是 if+一般过去时 would+不定式。

The structure is usually if + past simple and would + infinitive. It’s not important which clause comes first.

 

再来看看第一条件句和第二条件句的区别。Look at the difference between the first and second conditionals.    

第一条件句:In January: If it snows tomorrow I’ll go skiing.

备注:明天很可能就下雪了 / It might snow tomorrow.

 

第二条件句:In August: If it snowed tomorrow I’d go skiing.

备注:明天确定不会下雪 / It almost certainly won’t snow tomorrow.

 

注意,虽然许多架句型结构经常用If + will/would,然而有时候也会使用其他替代词。Although many conditional sentences use if + will/would, conditional sentences can also use other words instead of if

比如说:when as soon as in case



Other modal verbs can be used instead of will/would

比如说:can/could, may might