History of the English Language

英国银行假期 - 4样你不可不知道的事情

今天是Good Friday,连接着下周一的Easter Monday,是英国人难得的4天悠悠长假,所谓的Bank Holiday银行假期。一家大小出发旅游就是趁着这个好假期了(请参考只需要9天年假就可以获得连续18天悠悠长假)。

圣乔治语言学院在这里恭祝各界Happy Easter。

然而,英国的银行假期是什么? 这里让我们和你分享关于英国的文化知识,同时阅读不忘学习,附带中英版本...

A bank holiday is a public or national holiday in the United Kingdom.

These are the days when banks close and no banking transactions are made. Most of the working population also gets the day off as the majority of offices stop work for the day. As these bank holidays are always on a Monday, then it turns into what the British call 'a long weekend' or 'the Bank holiday weekend'.

银行假期是英国的公共或国家假日。

这都是银行关闭,没有进行银行交易的日子。随着大多数办公室停止办公,因此大多数工作人员也能够休息一天。 由于这些银行假期总是落在星期一,所以它变成英国人称为的“长周末”或“银行假日周末”,因为它连带着周六+周日+周一。

 

接着下来,我们再一起看看4样你不可不知道的事情:

1. When did Bank Holidays begin? / 银行假期何时开始?

The bank holiday tradition began in the Nineteenth Century when there was new legislation passed called The Bank Holidays Act 1871.
银行假期的传统始于十九世纪,当时通过新的立法,称为“1871年银行假日法案”。

 

2. Why are there Bank Holidays? / 为什么有银行假期?

Up until 1834, there were 33 official holidays in The UK, consisting of Saints Days and religious holidays. This was considered to be too many holidays, so in 1834, this number was reduced to 4 and the 1871 Act made it into official law.
直到1834年,英国有33个公务假期,包括圣徒日和宗教节日。 这被认为是太多的假期,所以在1834年,这个数字减少到4天,接而在1871年法令成为官方法律。

 

3. How many Bank holidays are there in England every year nowadays? / 英国目前共有多少班银行假期?

英国共有8个银行假期。(请参考只需要9天年假就可以获得连续18天悠悠长假)。

 

4. Why are Bank Holidays on a Monday? / 为什么银行假期总落在星期一?

Each year, the dates of Bank Holidays are stated by royal proclamation. This means that HRH The Queen tells the UK government in an official letter which days will be national holidays in the coming year. This is tradition, but it means that the 'moveable holidays' around Easter will always be put on a Monday so that no holiday is lost.

每年,银行假日的日期都是通过皇家公告来表示的。 这意味着英国皇后会以一封正式的信件通知英国政府,那些日子将是来年的国定假日。 这是英国的传统,也意味着复活节周围的“可移动假日”将永远放在星期一,这样做法即使假期落在周末也不会造成任何损失。